Workplace Learning has traditionally been all about the “authoritative voice”, that is it has been about experts telling employees what they need to know, and training them in the skills they need to have to do their jobs. The whole concept of “social learning” – of employees learning from one another through knowledge sharing – is frequently viewed as anathema as it appears to undermine this traditional, expert (content)-driven view of organisational learning. And in fact, as social learning becomes a new industry trend, it is too often seen as something that needs to be managed within the context of the traditional formal workplace learning framework. But in Modern Workplace Learning there are actually 4 main models of Social Workplace Learning. The 4 Social Workplace Learning Models
- Directed Social Learning Model – here social approaches are used to reinforce or test understanding in the expert-driven content-focused approach to learning. L&D’s role is to ensure that people participate and keep on track. The current x-MOOC phenomenon is an example of this approach.
- Guided Social Learning Model – here the focus is on building a framework for the sharing of ideas and knowledge in order for individuals to learn from one another. Content (both expert- and user-generated) supports the learning, rather than drives it. The L&D’s role is to encourage and support the conversation rather than (en)force it. Examples include Learning Flows, other connected learning activities and connectivist MOOCs.
- Team Social Learning Model – this is where teams and groups share their knowledge and experiences as part of the daily flow of work. L&D’s role is to help to build a social team to encourage learning out loud, working out loud, social performance support, and collaborative working.
- Individual Social Learning Model – this is where the individual builds his/her own professional network of colleagues and contacts (aka PLN or Personal Learning Network) to exchange ideas and experiences outside the organisation.The L&D’s role is to help individuals develop the new skills so that individuals can grow and manage their own networks, and feedback what they have learned into the organisation.
Social Workplace Learning Tools and Platforms
Whereas traditional course authoring tools and LMS platforms are being adapted to support the Directed Social Learning Model, new enterprise social platforms that underpin social business and the Team Social Learning Model are proving to be a useful platform for the Guided Social Learning Model since they do not constrain thinking about “learning” in traditional ways. Which model(s) of social workplace learning are you supporting in your organisation?
Here’s my keynote presentation at Learn@Work in Sydney in October 2014 on this topic: